Skin marks called blemishes include everything from acne to changes in color. While the majority are risk-free, others might want aesthetic surgery. Some moles may be symptoms of underlying diseases like skin cancer. There are numerous sorts and remedies available.
Although many skin imperfections don’t require treatment, some people nonetheless can want to do so for aesthetic reasons. The available treatments will depend on the type of skin imperfection.
How to Treat Acne
Topical creams like benzoyl peroxide, cleansers like salicylic acid, and retinoids can all be used to treat acne. However, some of these treatments may need prescription medicine for severe acne, and it may take them 6 to 8 weeks to start working. A dermatologist should be consulted for side effects. Hormone balance and stress reduction can also be achieved by dietary and lifestyle modifications.
Treatment for Melasma and Hyperpigmentation
The following therapies could lessen melasma and hyperpigmentation:
- Hydroquinone cream 4, a prescription drug that was once over-the-counter but is now only available with a doctor’s prescription due to an FDA ruling in 2021, lightens darker spots of skin.
- Tretinoin or cortisone cream on prescription
- Laser therapy
Melasma can sometimes go away when a woman has birth or stops using hormonal contraception.
Treatment for Ingrown Hairs
Here are some recommendations for avoiding ingrown hairs:
- Simplyshaving in the hair’s growth direction
- Usingshaving gel
- Using only sterile, precise razors
An exfoliating scrub might aid in releasing tangled hairs from beneath the skin to treat ingrown hairs already present.
The following options may be taken into consideration if someone wants to treat a birthmark:
- Laser treatment
- Drugs that can reduce some birthmarks, such as corticosteroids, timolol, or propranolol
- Birthmark removal through surgery if it may be detrimental
Additionally, people can conceal any skin imperfections or discolorations with makeup.
How to Treat Cold Sores
In general, cold sores heal on their own in two weeks. To treat cold sores, a dermatologist may also recommend an oral or topical antiviral medication.
Treatment for Skin Cancer
Early detection of skin cancer is possible, and treatment options include surgical excision, topical medicine, radiation therapy, and blemish removal. It is advised to visit a dermatologist for aesthetic or psychological blemish therapy, especially if the blemish shows symptoms of skin cancer or other dangerous problems that need to be treated right away.
Types of Skin Blemishes
There are numerous kinds of skin blemishes. The following are some examples.
The overproduction of oil by the skin leads to the skin disorder known as acne. Overproduction of oil can result from a variety of sources, including:
- enlarged oil glands
- alterations in hormone levels during puberty, menstruation, or menopause
- hormonal effects of stress, anxiety, or sadness
Acne comes in a variety of forms with various outward manifestations. Several instances include:
- Acne cysts
A typical, unharmful lesion known as hyperpigmentation makes other parts of the skin appear darker. It may be brought on by genetic predispositions, sun exposure, or acne scars. Hyperpigmentation can result from freckles, sunspots, and acne scars. Freckles are hereditary, whereas sunspots form on exposed skin.
Hyperpigmentation known as melasma is brought on by hormonal changes brought on by birth control pills or pregnancy, which lead to an increase in melanin production and the potential for darker skin.
Sometimes hairs can grow sideways into the skin or curl back on themselves, which can cause red, itchy pimples to appear. These skin imperfections are known as ingrown hairs by doctors.
Birthmarks, which are imperfections on a newborn baby’s skin, can develop at birth or soon after and may last a lifetime or gradually go away. Inadequate blood vessel development, clumping of skin pigment cells, or overgrowth are potential causes. Birthmarks are a sign of underlying disorders and can be flat or elevated, like bruises or stains. Dermatologists should be consulted.
Herpes simplex infections cause painful, crimson, fluid-filled blisters known as cold sores. These sores are very contagious and should be avoided until they have healed.
Marks on the skin known as blemishes are often harmless but may be treated for aesthetic reasons. Some moles could be early signs of skin cancer that can be addressed. For skin diseases and blemishes, doctors or dermatologists can make diagnoses and treatment recommendations.