Hedging Your Bets: Using Options to Protect Your Portfolio and Minimize Risk

Hedging Your Bets: Using Options to Protect Your Portfolio and Minimize Risk

The lack of information in the market has helped advance the ideas that options are one of the riskiest instruments to handle in the trading domain. However, with options such as protective put options, investors can use the supposed sensitive commodity as a hedge when the market turns unexpectedly.

Traditionally, options worked as bets on the market moving in either direction, which is a hedging strategy by itself. Ultimately, embedded put options are commodities that have a set price cap either way and need some clever approaches to minimize risk. The first principle in diminishing risk is learning how to invest in options.

Minimizing Risk through Buying and Selling

Investors handling call options often avoid selling their options and maintain a buying spree, which has fewer risks. Indeed, such a notion carries no weight, especially when information is widespread. Long options have received a positive attitude from their holders because they help secure assets in an unstable environment.

While true, the fears and favors in some types of options, the risks avoided are not much compared to swaps and financial futures.

In a theoretical circumstance where an investor has a put option on hand, selling becomes less risky in the event:

The investor is not looking for supernormal growth in stock value

  1. Other lucrative options exist for the taking in the markets, and the way to buy is to sell whatever is in a portfolio
  2. A decision to buy new stock exists and the prevailing rate is satisfactory

The markets often provide many selling and buying opportunities. Ultimately, option holders bid slightly below the market value of an asset, making them own shares at a discount. When extensive bids are made somewhat lower than the market price, the market readjusts and creates a new stock position.

Eventually, the stock dips, and the sale of the discounted stock made at any moment past the stock deep generates income. After making the sale, investors can remain vigilant for new opportunities to open up in the market.

Implied Volatility

Selling and buying options differ from directly selling stocks in the spot market. Options carry a value that prevails for a while as they exist, meaning that their future value is prone to price volatility. Any purchase of an option is an implied price at market value, which shifts till the option exchanges hands.

The result of the shifts is a loss or gain to the investor who benefits from increased volatility or reduced volatility that is prevalent in the market. Investors planning to own options should account for the level of volatility when trading their options in the market. Buying options while volatility is low is a good place to start, and selling while high should be a principle. Further, when buying options, the volatility charts should be a guide when making current and future decisions to lower trading risks.

Reducing the Risk in Embedded Options

Some financial commodities trade within complicated contracts that have set the highest amount they can sell for in the primary markets—a price ceiling. Further, some have some price floors and cannot sell below the figure written in the contract. Such terms of sale exist in embedded options.

Investors handling such options can minimize the risk associated with such instruments in a diverse number of ways. The first bet is to sell similar kinds of commodities if the market has an appetite for them. However, the physical materials in the financial hedge should look alike to prevent a basis risk.

An investor can offer similar price caps and floors to the customer against secondary sales made to hedge against basis risk.


Embedded options exist in a variety of ways, and some have a complex pricing mechanism, and knowing how they work is the first way to understand how to deal with any risks associated with them. In most call options, having some background information about the commodity helps uncover strategies to minimize risk and make them have a risk profile lower or similar to other trading commodities in their class.