5 Things to Know About Prednisone & Your Diet

5 Things to Know About Prednisone

Corticosteroid drugs such as prednisone are frequently recommended to treat inflammatory diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, and a condition called inflammatory bowel disease. Prednisone might affect your diet and nutritional requirements, even though it can be quite helpful in reducing inflammation and treating symptoms. It’s crucial to comprehend how your food and prednisone interact in order to manage any adverse effects and preserve general health while undergoing therapy.

1. Impact on Blood Sugar Levels

Prednisone can increase the chance of developing diabetes by impairing glucose metabolism and causing insulin resistance. It can also raise blood sugar levels. While using prednisone, people with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes should constantly monitor their glucose levels and may need to make changes to their diabetic management plan. Eating a balanced diet high in fiber-rich foods, healthy fats, and complex carbs will help regulate blood sugar levels. Better glycemic control and a reduction in blood glucose spikes can both be achieved by avoiding sugary snacks and drinks. While using prednisone medication, people with diabetes can effectively control their condition by carefully collaborating with a healthcare physician and regularly checking their blood sugar levels.

2. Dietary Considerations for Weight Management

Gaining weight is one of the most obvious adverse effects of prednisone. Prednisone can make people feel more hungry and cause them to retain fluids, which can make them consume more energy than they burn. It is crucial to concentrate on a balanced diet full of fruits, vegetables, healthy grains, and lean meats in order to control weight while on prednisone. One way to avoid consuming too many calories is to practice mindful eating and portion management. Limiting the intake of high-fat, high-calorie foods, and sweets can also help with weight control and lower the risk of issues linked to obesity. Creating a regimen that includes regular physical exercise and good food can help you control your weight and improve your general health.

3. Sodium Intake and Fluid Retention

Prednisone may result in fluid retention and bloating by causing salt retention. Consuming too much salt might intensify these effects and increase the risk of edema and high blood pressure. As a result, people using prednisone ought to watch how much salt they eat and try to stick to a low-sodium diet. This entails consuming less packaged and processed meals—which are frequently high in sodium—and choosing instead to eat fresh, natural foods that have been cooked with little or no additional salt. Furthermore, drinking lots of water to keep hydrated will assist in reducing fluid retention and washing out extra salt. Including foods high in potassium, such as avocados, spinach, and bananas, in your diet can also help prevent the negative effects of salt and preserve fluid balance.

4. Importance of Calcium and Vitamin D

Osteoporosis and bone loss can become more likely with prolonged usage of prednisone. Prednisone causes reduced bone density and an increased risk of fractures by interfering with the absorption of calcium and inhibiting the creation of new bone. A sufficient diet of vitamin D and calcium is essential to maintain bone health when using prednisone. Along with vitamin D supplies like fatty fish, eggs, and enriched grains, the diet should include foods high in calcium, such as dairy products, green leafy vegetables, and fortified meals. To address the body’s increased demands and avoid issues connected to the bones, supplements, including calcium and vitamin D, may be advised in some situations. Walking and resistance training are two weight-bearing activities that can help build bones and lower the likelihood of fractures.

5. Potential Nutrient Deficiencies

The use of prednisone might cause the body to lose key nutrients, such as magnesium, potassium, vitamin C, and vitamin D. Lack of these nutrients can cause a number of health issues, including weariness, weakened muscles, and weakened immune systems. People using prednisone should concentrate on eating a nutritious diet that consists of a range of veggies, whole grains, fruit, and protein from lean sources to avoid nutrient deficiencies. To maintain good health during prednisone medication and fulfill increased dietary requirements, supplements to take while on prednisone are required in some circumstances. To promote general health and well-being, speaking with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian may assist in assessing the need for supplements and creating a customized dietary plan.


Keeping your diet under control while taking prednisone is crucial for reducing side effects, promoting general health, and enhancing treatment efficacy. A balanced diet that emphasizes foods high in nutrients minimizes salt consumption and takes into account certain dietary factors that can help people control their weight, maintain healthy bones, normalize their blood sugar levels, and avoid vitamin shortages. While on prednisone treatment, speaking with a medical expert or registered dietician can offer you individualized advice and assistance to help you get the most out of your food.